Date published August 7, 2015 by Sarah Vinz. Date updated: June 7, 2019
Figures could be written either as terms ( ag e.g., a hundred) or numerals ( ag e.g., 100). In this specific article the guidelines are followed by us of APA Style.
Generally speaking, words should really be employed for numbers from zero through nine, and numerals should really be used from 10 onwards. This is certainly real for both cardinal numbers (e.g., two, 11) and ordinal numbers ( e.g., 2nd, 11 th ). But, there are many exceptions that are important this guideline.
Keep in mind that other design guides, such as for instance Chicago and Harvard, target figures differently (for instance, in Chicago, you employ terms for figures as much as 100). No matter what style guide you follow, probably the most important things is become constant in the way you treat figures during your document.
Dining dining dining Table of articles
Utilize numerals for figures from zero to nine which can be followed closely by a exact product of dimension or grouped along with a quantity this is certainly bigger than 10.
The examples measured 7 cm in diameter. (“cm” is really a product of dimension)
Nonetheless, just 3 regarding the 12 had been usable. (“3” will be grouped with “12”)
But: These three examples had been put through further evaluation.
Make use of terms for just about any number which is used to start out a phrase, apart from years.
Seventy-two thousand ink cartridges can be bought every single day.
Nineteenth-century novels often feature complicated plot lines.
But: 2008 saw record olive plants throughout the Mediterranean.
Make use of terms for typical fractions and set expressions.
Based on the study, two thirds regarding the workers are dissatisfied.
Comprehending the Five Pillars of Islam is a crucial step that is first.
The Fourth of is traditionally marked by a firework display july.
With percentages, the conventional is by using numerals and “%” (not “percent”).
Based on the report, 45% for the workforce is utilized when you look at the solution sector. Just 6% presently work with farming.
The exception that is main if you use a portion to start a phrase. In cases like this, make use of terms to state the percentage that is entire.
Thirteen % associated with the clients stated that their signs enhanced after using the drug that is experimental.
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Reporting statistical outcomes that include figures
Should your paper includes quantitative research, you most likely have data to report. Data, mathematical functions, ratios, and percentages are written numerals that are using. It is true no matter whether these are typically included inside dining table or included in the text that is actual. Maintain the guidelines that are following head:
- Report many data to two decimal places (such as for example M = 5.44).
- Report data which could never ever surpass 1.0 to three places that are decimalsuch as for example p , and th.
Thirteen thousand viewers watched the performance of Shakespeare’s Twelfth evening from the park, while another 2,000 watched through the buildings that are surrounding 1.2 million viewed it on tv. As 1 from every 11 residents saw at minimum component associated with play, this one occasion really can be looked at a success.
These texts may look embarrassing because a lot of various quantity platforms happen used, but don’t be deceived – the aforementioned directions have actually all been followed.
You may have some flexibility to modify the guidelines presented in this article if you are not required to strictly follow a particular style (such as APA. custom writings service You should be certain to use any alterations you create during your whole document.